What is Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic available as first-line treatment to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections (including cystitis) in females in those who can tolerate it. It is available as a short 3 day course at a dose of one 50mg tablet four times a day.
How effective is Nitrofurantoin in treating Cystitis?
Nitrofurantoin is highly effective in treating UTIs in females. It is now considered as the first line treatment for uncomplicated Cystitis and your symptoms should improve within two days of starting treatment. If your symptoms do not improve within this time or they worsen you should contact your doctor.
Nitrofurantoin vs Trimethoprim
Both medications are useful at treating uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections. They are both antibiotics but work in different ways. Nitrofurantoin is now widely considered first line treatment whilst Trimethoprim is a useful alternative in those who can not tolerate Nitrofurantoin.
What are the cautions associated with taking Nitrofurantoin?
Although Nitrofurantoin is a commonly prescribed antibiotic in the UK, it may not be suitable to use for everyone. Nitrofurantoin should not be used by people suffering with certain conditions or those using certain medications. You should always read the patient information leaflet (PIL) for Nitrofurantoin before taking this medication to ensure it is safe for you to use.
What are the side effects of Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin like all medications can be associated with certain side effects although not all patients would experience these, especially as the course of treatment is only for three days.
Nitrofurantoin may cause dizziness and drowsiness so if this does affect you then you should not drive or operate machinery until such symptoms go away. It may also colour your urine yellow or brown, which is completely harmless. It can also cause false-positive blood glucose tests.
For more information on other side effects that may be caused by Nitrofurantoin, please see the patient information leaflet or contact PostMyMeds.
Where can I find more information on Cystitis and Nitrofurantoin?
Please refer to the patient information leaflet (PIL) for further information about Nitrofurantoin. You can find more information on Cystitis here.